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Thursday , January , 17 2019
New Animal Licensing Regime
On 1 October 2018 The Animal Welfare (Licensing of Activities Involving Animals) (England) Regulations 2018 come into force. These regulations will replace a number of pieces of existing legislation set to be repealed at the end of 2018 and will provide a new single licensing regime for a number of animal licensing activities.

Those undertaking the following activities will need to be licensed under the new regime:
  • Selling animals as pets
  • Providing or arranging for the provision of boarding for cats or dogs (including day care)
  • Hiring out horses
  • Breeding dogs
  • Keeping or training animals for exhibition
Licences held under the current system relating to pet shops, animal boarding establishments, riding establishments or dog breeding will continue in force for the rest of their term. Licence holders will then need to make an application for a licence under the new regime and comply with the new requirements.
The new Regulations set nationally applicable conditions that licence holders must comply with. A ratings system will be introduced whereby licence holders will be given a rating dependant on specified criteria. Current licence holders are advised to consider the conditions contained within the new regulations which will need to be complied with.
The Regulations can be found here
Fees for the new Licensing regime will be determined by the authority.
Zoos and Dangerous and Wild Animals will continue to be licensed under existing legislation.
Further information will be placed on this page when available.

Dog breeding

If you:

  1. breed three or more litters of puppies in any 12-month period; and/or
  2. breed dogs and advertise a business of selling dogs.
You will require a licence.

Activities that fulfil one or more of the following criteria are subject to licensing:

  1. Anyone breeding three or more litters of puppies per year (unless they can show that none of the puppies have been sold).
  2. Anyone breeding puppies and advertising a business of selling them, as defined under the business test within the Regulations.This is irrespective of the number of litters produced per year. This is not restricted to registered businesses – individuals can also be classed as a business depending on the extent of their activities.
  1. Factors that should be considered when determining whether someone is “advertising a business” include:
  • The number, frequency and/or volume of sales - systematic and repeated transactions using the same means of advertising are likely to indicate a commercial activity.
  • High volumes of animals sold or advertised for sale could indicate a business.
  • Low volumes of animals sold or advertised could indicate a business where high sales prices or large profit margins are involved.
  • High range and variability in the breeds traded. A wide variety of breeds being advertised could indicate the commercial nature of the activity.
  • High numbers of advertisements of puppies for sale, including on classified websites, could indicate commercial behaviour, even where there is no actual sale taking place via the internet. This could be high numbers of advertisements at any one time or over a short period of time, and/or regularly.
  • Advertising through a variety of sites, forums or media could indicate a commercial activity.

Activities that fulfil one or more of the following criteria are not subject to licensing:

  1. Breeders who can provide documented evidence, if requested, that none of the puppies were sold or that they kept all of the puppies themselves. Documented evidence will need to include records of the new owners of all of the puppies and provide details on why there was no transaction involved (including in kind).
  2. Registered charities that rehome puppies that are born to rescue dogs, unless such registered charities are in practice running this element of their operations as a commercial activity.
  1. Anyone breeding only assistance dogs as defined in the Equality Act 2010 (e.g. Guide Dogs for the Blind).
  1. Anyone keeping a dog under the Animal Health Act 1981.
  1. Organisations regulated under the Animals (Scientific Procedures) Act 1986.
  1. Breeders that breed a small number of puppies (i.e. less than 3 litters per year), and that sell them without making a profit.

Please refer to the downloadable Breeding of Dogs Conditions and DEFRA guidance document for more information.

We will call upon the services of an approved vet for new applications, which is payable by the applicant in addition to the application fee.


Please contact us if you have a complaint about the welfare of animals or nuisance caused by a dog breeding establishment, or if you know of any Dog Breeders in Carlisle that do not have a Licence.

Application & Fees

* Where an application relates to more than one activity, the higher licence application/Issue fee will apply and the additional activity fee will also be payable for each additional licensable activity applied for.
 License Type PART A Application Fee  PART B        Grant of Licence Fee Additional Cost to Applicant
Breeding Dogs New £168.14 £48.50 + Vets Fee
Renewal £148.74 £48.50 + Vets Fee where business identified as High Risk following risk assessment
2/3 Year Licences - Inspection Fee £109.94 £48.50 + Vets Fee where business identified as High Risk following risk assessment
Additional Licensable Activities* New / Renewal £77.60 £48.50 + Vets Fee if required
Variation to licence/re-evaluation of star rating - Dog Breeding / Hiring out horses Variation £122.87  N/A  + Vets Fee if required
Minor Variation of Licence - fixed fee Variation £25.00  N/A  Nil
Transfer of Licence due to death of licensee - fixed fee Transfer £25.00  N/A  Nil

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